Traders
The coffee-producing countries earn very little from the sale and export of their produce. Green coffee beans, a minimally processed product, accounts for approximately 95% of coffee exports. A large share of the profits in the coffee supply chain go to the middlemen and the large roasters. International coffee trading companies operate in the coffee-producing countries via joint ventures with local middlemen. Five large companies control this trade: Neumann and Volcafé (both based in Germany); Cargill; Decotrade (trading arm of Sara Lee/Douwe Egberts) and Taloca (owned by Philip Morris/Kraft), both based in Switzerland. International traders are likely to continue investing in operations in origin countries so as to meet the needs of major roasters....